Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag
Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States, oath of loyalty to the
U.S. national emblem and to the nation it symbolizes. The idea for such a pledge
is said to have originated with one of the editors of The Youth's
Companion, a magazine for children. By proclamation of President
Benjamin Harrison, the pledge was first used on October 12, 1892, during
Columbus Day observances in the public schools. The original wording of the pledge
was as follows:

I pledge allegiance to my flag and to
the republic for which it stands: one nation, indivisible, with liberty
and justice for all.


The pledge was amended subsequently by the substitution of the words
"the flag of the United States of America" for the phrase "my flag."
The newly worded pledge was adopted officially on Flag Day, June 14, 1924. By joint
resolution of Congress the pledge was further amended in 1954 by the
addition of the words "under God." This is how the pledge now reads:

I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America
and to the republic for which it stands: one nation under God, indivisible,
with liberty and justice for all.


When reciting the pledge of allegiance, civilians should stand at
attention or with the right hand over the heart. Men
should remove their hats. Armed services personnel in uniform
face the flag and give the military salute.

"Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States,"
Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2001
© 1997-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

My country tis of thee
(written by Samuel Francis Smith)
My country tis of thee,
Sweet land of liberty,
Of thee I sing.
Land where my fathers died!
Land of the Pilgrim's pride!
From every mountain side,
Let freedom ring!

My native country, thee,
Land of the noble free,
Thy name I love.
I love thy rocks and rills,
Thy woods and templed hills;
My heart with rapture fills
Like that above.

Let music swell the breeze,
And ring from all the trees
Sweet freedom's song.
Let mortal tongues awake;
Let all that breathe partake;
Let rocks their silence break,
The sound prolong.

Our father's God to, Thee,
Author of liberty,
To Thee we sing.
Long may our land be bright
With freedom's holy light;
Protect us by Thy might,
Great God, our King!