The colors of the American Flag are said to represent
purity and innocence {white}
valor and hardiness {red},
and vigilance, perseverance, and justice{blue}.
Betsy Ross may have been credited but
The Star-Spangled Banner was made under government contract in
the summer of 1813 by a professional Baltimore flagmaker, Mary Pickersgill.
Betsy Ross House Virtual Tour
Betsy Ross's House
History of the American Flag.
The American Flag Page
Star Spangled Banner Website
Star Spangled Banner Flag House

National Anthem The Star Spangled Banner
The song was approved as the
nations anthem on March 3, 1931.
A detailed history of the national anthem and the battle and flag that inspired it

Fort McHenry
The Writing of the Star Spangled Banner
American Treasures
Francis Scott Key and the Star Spangled Banner



The Star Spangled Banner
Francis Scott Key
O say can you see, by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilights last gleaming
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses;
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In full glory reflected now shines in the stream.
'Tis the star spangled banner, O long may it wave
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brave.

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion
A home and a country shall leave us no more.
Their blood has washed out their foul footstep's pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave,
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave.
And the star spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brave.
O thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved homes and the wars desolation!
Blest with vict'ry and peace, may the heav'n rescued land
Praise the power that hath made and preserved us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto, "In God is our trust."
And the star spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!